Could a national cryptocurrency ease Venezuela’s economic crisis?
During a televised broadcast on Sunday, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro announced the oil-rich country will create a national cryptocurrency backed by oil, gas, gold and diamond reserves.
Reuters reported Maduro said this petro token will “advance in issues of monetary sovereignty, to make financial transactions and overcome the financial blockade.” Opposition leaders countered by arguing such a decision would require congressional approval. “It’s Maduro being a clown. This has no credibility,” opposition lawmaker Angel Alvarado told Reuters. It’s hard to say how, or when, the Venezuelan government could create this cryptocurrency since the nation is currently embroiled an economic crisis as the fiat bolívar continues to freefall.
Venezuelans are already flocking to cryptocurrencies such as bitcoin and zcash. According to the global map of live bitcoin nodes maintained by bitnodes.earn.com, there are at least four bitcoin network nodes operating in Venezuela. The Atlantic reported thousands more Venezuelans are mining cryptocurrency as inflation makes it increasingly difficult for locals to afford necessities like food, medicine and diapers. “You can feed a family with one ether rig,” exiled bitcoin miner David Fernando Lopez told CNBC.
The Venezuelan bolívar is now one of the world’s most volatile currencies. The New York Times reported inflation was up 800 percent in October and is expected to rise more than 2,300 percent in 2018. The 2016 Venezuela Living Conditions Survey reportedly found 81 percent of Venezuelan households were living in income poverty. Meanwhile, the anonymous cryptocurrency zcash is in such high demand that the Zcash Foundation published a Spanish-language guide for new Venezuelan zcash users.